Morphological features of the mandible as predictors for neurosensory disturbances after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy

Jop P. Verweij, Gertjan Mensink, Marta Fiocco, J. P.Richard Van Merkesteyn

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

9 Citaten (Scopus)


This retrospective study aimed to identify anatomical predictors of neurosensory disturbance (NSD) after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSO) by evaluating the morphology of the mandible on lateral cephalograms (LCs) and orthopantomograms (OPTs). The LCs and OPTs of 142 patients who underwent BSSO were reviewed. The influence of the mandibular angle was assessed on LCs, while the following morphological landmarks and subsequent measurements were analysed on OPTs: vertical and horizontal positions of the lingula, ramus width, mandibular body height, mandibular canal position and mandibular angle length. Post-operative NSD (hypoaesthesia) was considered permanent when objective tests or subjective evaluations indicated altered sensation one year after BSSO. Generalised linear mixed models were used to take into account the repeated measurement design (left and right measurements within one patient). Hypoaesthesia was present in 10.6% of the patients (5.6% of sites). After adjusting for age, a small mandibular body height was found to significantly increase the risk of hypoaesthesia. The other measurements showed no significant association with hypoaesthesia. These findings show a relationship between mandibular morphology and hypoaesthesia after BSSO and can aid surgeons in pre-operative assessments of the risk of NSD. Further research is needed to identify risk factors for NSD based on mandibular morphology.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1710-1715
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Nummer van het tijdschrift9
StatusGepubliceerd - nov. 2015
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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