Nationwide study of pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia with chromosome 8q24/MYC rearrangement in Japan

Kimiyoshi Sakaguchi, Toshihiko Imamura, Sae Ishimaru, Chihaya Imai, Hidemi Shimonodan, Naoto Fujita, Keiko Okada, Takeshi Taketani, Rie Kanai, Hisamichi Tauchi, Motohiro Kato, Yasuko Kojima, Arata Watanabe, Takao Deguchi, Yoshiko Hashii, Nobutaka Kiyokawa, Tomohiko Taki, Akiko M. Saito, Keizo Horibe, Atsushi ManabeAtsushi Sato, Katsuyoshi Koh

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8 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Background: Rearrangements of chromosome 8q24/MYC (8q24/MYC-r), resulting from t(8;14)(q24;q32), t(2;8)(p11;q24), or t(8;22)(q24;q11), are mainly associated with Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia (BL) and rarely observed in patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). The characteristics of BCP-ALL with 8q24/MYC-r are poorly understood. Procedure: A retrospective nationwide study of data from patients with pediatric BCP-ALL with 8q24/MYC-r in Japan was conducted to clarify the clinical and biological characteristics associated with 8q24/MYC-r BCP-ALL. Results: Ten patients with BCP-ALL with 8q24/MYC-r, including three with double-hit leukemia (DHL) (two with t(8;14)(q24;q32) and t(14;18)(q32;q21) and one with t(8;14) and t(3;22)(q27;q11)), were identified. Patients with BCP-ALL with 8q24/MYC-r had higher median age and uric acid and lactate dehydrogenase levels, than those without 8q24/MYC-r. All patients were initially treated with ALL-type chemotherapy; however, four, including one with DHL, were switched to BL-type chemotherapy, based on cytogenetic findings. One patient relapsed after standard-risk ALL-type chemotherapy, and two patients with DHL did not attain complete remission with chemotherapy; all three died within 11 months. The other seven patients treated with BL-type or high-risk ALL-type chemotherapy are alive without disease. Conclusions: The clinical and laboratory features of BL with IG-MYC rearrangement, displaying a BCP immunophenotype (Wagener et al. and Herbrueggen et al. termed it as pre-BLL), are similar to those of BCP-ALL with 8q24/MYC-r. Low-risk ALL-type chemotherapy may not be appropriate for them, and further studies are required to establish an adequate therapeutic strategy. Further studies of DHL to identify new treatment strategies are also needed.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummere28341
TijdschriftPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume67
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 jul. 2020
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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