Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide, and Cisplatin in Patients with Poor-prognosis Disseminated Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors with Unfavorable Serum Tumor Marker Decline After First Cycle of Chemotherapy. The GCT-SK-003 Phase II Trial

Michal Mego, Katarina Rejlekova, Daniela Svetlovska, Vera Miskovska, Ad J M Gillis, Valentina De Angelis, Katarina Kalavska, Jana Obertova, Patrik Palacka, Maria Reckova, Zuzana Sycova-Mila, Daniel Pindak, Michal Chovanec, Leendert H J Looijenga, Jozef Mardiak

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

BACKGROUND: Germ cell tumors represent highly curable disease even in metastatic stage. However, poor-risk patients with an unfavorable serum tumor marker (STM) decline after the first cycle of chemotherapy represent a subgroup with dismal prognosis, with approximately 50% cure rate using bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP).

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of paclitaxel, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (TIP) in this patient population.

DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This was an open-labeled, nonrandomized, single-center phase II trial to study the efficacy and toxicity of TIP in the first-line treatment of germ cell tumor patients with an unfavorable decline of STMs. Nineteen patients with a poor prognosis according to the International Germ Cell Cancer Collaboration Group classification and an unfavorable STM decline after the first cycle of chemotherapy were included in this phase II study (NCT02414685). The treatment regimen consisted of paclitaxel 250 mg/m2 on day 1, ifosfamide 1200 mg/m2 on days 1-5, and cisplatin 20 mg/m2 on days 1-5, totally for four cycles.

OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary endpoint was complete response (CR) rate. An optimal Simon two-stage design was used with a type I error of 5% and study power of 80%. If fewer than six CRs to study therapy have been observed among the first 19 patients, the study was to be terminated.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: A CR was achieved in four (21.1%) patients; therefore, the study was terminated in the first stage. A favorable response rate (CR or partial remission with negative tumor markers) was observed in 14 (78.9%) patients. At a median follow-up period of 35.2 mo (range, 5.6-62.1 mo), ten (52.6%) patients experienced disease progression and eight patients (42.1%) died. The 2-yr progression-free and overall survival was 41.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 16.8-65.7) and 72.7% (95% CI 48.9-96.4), respectively. TIP was well tolerated, and no unexpected toxicity was observed. No informative biomarkers, including miR-371a-3p was identified.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment modification from the BEP to the TIP regimen in patients with an unfavorable STM decline after the first cycle of chemotherapy was not associated with improved outcome, and four cycles of BEP remain the standard treatment option in this patient population.

PATIENT SUMMARY: Poor-risk patients with an unfavorable serum tumor marker decline after the first cycle of chemotherapy represent a subgroup with dismal prognosis, with an approximately 50% cure rate using bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP). Treatment modification from the BEP regimen to the paclitaxel, ifosfamide, and cisplatin regimen in patients with an unfavorable serum tumor marker decline after the first cycle of chemotherapy was not associated with improved outcome, and four cycles of BEP remain the standard treatment option in this patient population.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)19-27
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftEuropean urology open science
Volume33
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - nov. 2021

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