Pathogenesis of adult testicular germ cell tumors. A cytogenetic model

Bauke de Jong, J. Wolter Oosterhuis, Sérgio M.M.J. Castedo, Anne Marie Vos, Gerard J. te Meerman

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

161 Citaten (Scopus)


In essence, two models exist of the pathogenetic relationship between seminomas and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs). In the first model, the histogenesis of seminomas is assumed to diverge from that of the other testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) at an early stage. The neoplastic pathway of seminomas and NSGCTs is different, with limited or no crossover. The second model suggests that seminomas and NSGCTs have a common origin with a single neoplastic pathway on which seminomas are an intermediate stage in development of NSGCTs. Our data on the cytogenetics and ploidy of seminomas, combined tumors, and NSGCTs lend support to the model of pathogenesis of seminomas and NSGCTs in which all TGCTs (with the possible exception of spermatocytic seminoma and infantile yolk sac tumor) have a single origin and neoplastic pathway, with seminomas representing an intermediate stage in development of NSGCT components, as opposed to the model in which seminomas and NSGCTs develop separately. The progression of TGCTs probably proceeds from high to lower numbers of chromosomes and is therefore accompanied by a net loss of chromosomal material. This decrease will be the end result of loss of specific chromosomes, gain of some other chromosomes (or part of chromosomes), and development of structural abnormalities.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)143-167
Aantal pagina's25
TijdschriftCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
StatusGepubliceerd - sep. 1990
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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