Perinatal risks in female cancer survivors: A population-based analysis

Anne Lotte L.F. Van Der Kooi, David H. Brewster, Rachael Wood, Sian Nowell, Colin Fischbacher, Marry M. Van Den Heuvel-Eibrink, Joop S.E. Laven, W. Hamish B. Wallace, Richard A. Anderson

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

27 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Advances in cancer management have resulted in improved survival rates, particularly in children and young adults. However, treatment may adversely affect reproductive outcomes among female cancer survivors. The objective of this study was to investigate their risk of adverse perinatal outcomes compared to the general population. We performed a population-based analysis, including all female cancer survivors diagnosed before the age of 40 years between 1981 and 2012. Pregnancy and perinatal complications were identified through linkage of the Scottish Cancer Registry with hospital discharge records based on the Community Health Index (CHI) database. We compared 1,629 female cancer survivors with a first ever singleton pregnancy after diagnosis, with controls matched on age, deprivation quintile, and year of cancer diagnosis selected from the general population (n = 8,899). Relative risks and 95%-confidence intervals of perinatal risks were calcu¬ lated using log-binomial regression. Survivors were more likely to give birth before 37 weeks of gestation (relative risk (RR]) 1.32, 95%-C11.10-1.59), but did not show an increased risk of low birth weight (<2.5kg: RR 1.15, 95%-CI 0.94-1.39), and were less likely to give birth to offspring small for gestational age (RR 0.81, 95%-CI 0.68-0.98). Operative delivery and postpartum haemorrhage were more common but approached rates in controls with more recent diagnosis. The risk of congenital abnormalities was not increased (RR 1.01, 95%-CI 0.85-1.20).

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummere0202805
TijdschriftPLoS ONE
Volume13
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - aug. 2018

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