Pharmacokinetic properties of micafungin in critically ill patients diagnosed with invasive candidiasis

J. M. Boonstra, K. C. Van Der Elst, A. Veringa, E. M. Jongedijk, R. J. Brüggemann, R. A. Koster, G. A. Kampinga, J. G. Kosterink, T. S. Van Der Werf, J. G. Zijlstra, D. J. Touw, J. W.C. Alffenaar

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30 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

The estimated attributable mortality rate for invasive candidiasis (IC) in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting varies from 30 to 40%. Physiological changes in critically ill patients may affect the distribution and elimination of micafungin, and therefore, dosing adjustments might be mandatory. The objective of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of micafungin in critically ill patients and assess the probability of target attainment. Micafungin plasma concentrations were measured to estimate the pharmacokinetic properties of micafungin. MIC values for Candida isolates were determined to assess the probability of target attainment for patients. Data from 19 patients with suspected or proven invasive candidiasis were available for analysis. The median area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h at steady state (AUC0–24) was 89.6 mg · h/liter (interquartile range [IQR], 75.4 to 113.6 mg · h/liter); this was significantly lower than the median micafungin AUC0–24 values of 152.0 mg · h/liter (IQR, 136.0 to 162.0 mg · h/liter) and 134.0 mg · h/liter (IQR, 118.0 to 148.6 mg · h/liter) in healthy volunteers (P 0.0001 and P 0.001, respectively). All Candida isolates were susceptible to micafungin, with a median MIC of 0.016 mg/liter (IQR, 0.012 to 0.023 mg/liter). The median AUC0–24/MIC ratio was 5,684 (IQR, 4,325 to 7,578), and 3 of the 17 evaluable patients (17.6%) diagnosed with proven invasive candidiasis did not meet the AUC/ MIC ratio target of 5,000. Micafungin exposure was lower in critically ill patients than in healthy volunteers. The variability in micafungin exposure in this ICU population could be explained by the patients’ body weight. Our findings suggest that healthier patients (sequential organ failure assessment [SOFA] score of 10) weighing more than 100 kg and receiving 100 mg micafungin daily are at risk for inappropriate micafungin exposure and potentially inadequate antifungal treatment. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under identifier NCT01716988.)

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummere01398
TijdschriftAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume61
Nummer van het tijdschrift12
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - dec. 2017
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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