Pharmacokinetics and probability of target attainment for micafungin in normal-weight and morbidly obese adults

Roeland E. Wasmann, Cornelis Smit, Robter Heine, Simon E. Koele, Eric P.H. Van Dongen, René M.J. Wiezer, David M. Burger, Catherijne A.J. Knibbe, Roger J.M. Brüggemann

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

9 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Objectives: The rising pandemic of obesity means an increasing number of obese patients who require antimicrobial therapy for serious infections. Micafungin is an echinocandin drug frequently used as therapy or prophylaxis for fungal infections, predominantly with Candida species. In order to maximize the efficacy of micafungin in obese patients, the dose that corresponds to optimal exposure for each obese individual needs to be identified. Methods: We performed a prospective study in 16 obese and 8 normal-weight healthy subjects with a weight ranging from 61.5-184 kg (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03102658). A population pharmacokinetic model was developed and used to simulate several dosing regimens to evaluate the PTA for relevant MICs to define the optimal dose using the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic target of an AUC/MIC ratio above 5000. Results: Total body weight was found to be most predictive for CL and V. Simulations showed that a 100mg dose results in a PTA of <90% in patients weighing ≤125 kg infected with a Candida species having an MIC of 0.016 mg/L. The maintenance dose should be increased to 200mg in patients >125 kg infected with a Candida species with an MIC of 0.016 mg/L. For an MIC of 0.032 mg/L, a 300mg maintenance dose is recommended above 125 kg weight. Furthermore, we demonstrate that patients can benefit froma loading dose (i.e. twice the maintenance dose). Conclusions: We present easy-to-use dose recommendations for obese patients, based on both weight and target MIC, that result in adequate exposure in patients with body weight up to 190 kg.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)978-985
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume74
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 apr. 2019
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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