The frequency and function of T cells, monocytes, and dendritic cell subsets were investigated in 12 patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI)-(T0), 1 month after the episode (T1), and in 12 healthy individuals (HG). The cell characterization and the functional studies were performed by flow cytometry and by RT-PCR, after cell sorting. The most important findings at T0 moment, when compared with T1 and HG, were: a decrease in the frequency of IL-2-producing T cells; a lower frequency of TNF-α- and IL-6-producing monocytes, myeloid dendritic cells, and CD14(-/low)CD16(+)DCs; and a lower TNF-α mRNA expression, after sorting these cells. Moreover, the regulatory function of Treg cells, at T0 moment, was upregulated, based on the FoxP3, CTLA-4, and TGF-β mRNA expression increase. The majority of these phenotypic and functional alterations disappeared at T1. Our data demonstrate that AMI induces a significant change in the immune system homeostasis.