Pleuropneumonectomy as Salvage Therapy in Children Suffering from Primary or Metastatic Sarcomas with Pleural Localizations

Frédéric Hameury, Perrine Marec-Berard, Mathilde Eymery, Marc H W Wijnen, Niels van der Kaaij, Pierre-Yves Mure, François Tronc, Franck Chotel, Clara Libbrecht, Wim Jan P van Boven, Lianne M Haveman

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

Pediatric sarcoma patients with pleuropulmonary lesions have a dismal prognosis because the impossibility to obtain local control. The aim of this study was to determine if pleuropneumonectomy (PP) could be a therapeutic option. We retrospectively reviewed nine patients who underwent salvage PP for pleuropulmonary localization of primary localized sarcoma or metastatic recurrence. Surgery and complications were analyzed, pulmonary function tests were conducted, and quality of life was determined with EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire. At the time of PP age was between 9-17 years. Underlying disease included metastatic osteosarcoma (n = 5), Ewing sarcoma (two metastatic, one primary), and one primary undifferentiated sarcoma. Early complications occurred in three patients. Mean postoperative hospitalization stay was 14.5 days. Pulmonary function test showed 19-66% reduction of total lung capacity which led to mild exercise intolerance but did not affect daily life. Four patients died of multi-metastatic relapse <14 months after PP, one patient had a local recurrence, and four patients are in complete remission between 1.5 and 12 years after PP. In conclusion, in this small patient group treated with a pleuropneumonectomy for primary or metastatic lesions, outcome is variable; however, this extended surgical technique was generally quite well tolerated. Postoperative lung function seems well preserved, and it seems to lead to at least an extension of life with good quality and therefor can be considered as salvage therapy.

Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftCancers
Volume13
Nummer van het tijdschrift15
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 21 jul. 2021

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