Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and other DICER1-associated high-grade malignancies are morphologically, genetically and epigenetically related - A comparative study of 4 PPBs and 6 sarcomas

L S Hiemcke-Jiwa, S van Belle, A Eijkelenboom, J H M Merks, M M van Noesel, S E J Kaal, J M A Pijnenborg, J Bulten, B B J Tops, C P van de Ven, J M van Gorp, R R de Krijger, E Cheesman, A M Kelsey, L A Kester, U Flucke

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Samenvatting

DICER1-related tumors occur hereditary or sporadically, with high-grade malignancies sharing clinicopathological and (epi)genetic features. We compared 4 pleuropulmonary blastomas (PPBs) and 6 sarcomas by mutation analysis, whole transcriptome sequencing and methylation profiling. 9/10 patients were female. PPB patients were 0-4 years. 3/4 were alive; 2 without disease. One patient died of metastatic disease (median follow-up, 16 months). Sarcoma patients were 16-56 years. Locations included: uterine cervix/corpus (3/1), soft tissue back/shoulder (1) and paravertebral (1). 5/6 patients were alive; 2 developed metastases: intracranial (1) and lung and kidney (1) (median follow-up, 17 months). The deceased patient previously had a PPB and a Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor. Histologically, tumors showed atypical primitive-looking cells with incomplete rhabdomyoblastic differentiation and cartilage (n = 5). Immunohistochemistry demonstrated desmin- (n = 9/10), myogenin- (n = 6/10) and keratin positivity (n = 1/1). Eight cases harbored biallelic DICER1 mutations with confirmed germline mutations in 4 cases. Two cases showed a monoallelic mutation. By RNA expression- and methylation profiling, distinct clustering of our cases was seen demonstrating a close relationship on (epi)genetic level and similarities to embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. In conclusion, this study shows overlapping morphological, immunohistochemical and (epi)genetic features of PPBs and DICER1-associated high-grade sarcomas, arguing that these neoplasms form a spectrum with a broad clinicopathological range.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)152002
TijdschriftAnnals of diagnostic pathology
Volume60
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - aug. 2022

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