Population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic analysis of trastuzumab- associated cardiotoxicity

J. G.C. Van Hasselt, A. H. Boekhout, J. H. Beijnen, J. H.M. Schellens, A. D.R. Huitema

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

27 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Trastuzumab treatment is associated with cardiac dysfunction. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model for the relationship between left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and trastuzumab exposure and to identify associated clinically relevant covariates. Data from an unselected cohort of patients with early and advanced HER2-positive breast cancer receiving treatment with trastuzumab were analyzed using a nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach. LVEF values from 240 patients were available. The data were best described by an effect-compartment model. The population LVEF recovery half-life after trastuzumab treatment (T 1/2rec) was estimated at 49.7 days. The cumulative anthracycline dose was a significant determinant of the half maximal effect concentration (EC 50), causing a 45.9% increase in sensitivity (decrease in EC 50) at the maximum cumulative anthracycline dose. The developed population PK-PD model may be used to establish optimal treatment and cardiac monitoring strategies for trastuzumab.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)126-132
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftClinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume90
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - jul. 2011
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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