Processing of primary microRNAs by the Microprocessor complex

Ahmet M. Denli, Bastiaan B.J. Tops, Ronald H.A. Plasterk, René F. Ketting, Gregory J. Hannon

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

2193 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Mature microRNAs (miRNAs) are generated via a two-step processing pathway to yield ∼22-nucleotide small RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. Initial cleavage is catalysed by Drosha, a nuclease of the RNase III family, which acts on primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs) in the nucleus. Here we show that Drosha exists in a multi-protein complex, the Microprocessor, and begin the process of deconstructing that complex into its constituent components. Along with Drosha, the Microprocessor also contains Pasha (partner of Drosha), a double-stranded RNA binding protein. Suppression of Pasha expression in Drosophila cells or Caenorhabditis elegans interferes with pri-miRNA processing, leading to an accumulation of pri-miRNAs and a reduction in mature miRNAs. Finally, depletion or mutation of pash-1 in C. elegans causes de-repression of a let-7 reporter and the appearance of phenotypic defects overlapping those observed upon examination of worms with lesions in Dicer (dcr-1) or Drosha (drsh-1). Considered together, these results indicate a role for Pasha in miRNA maturation and miRNA-mediated gene regulation.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)231-235
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftNature
Volume432
Nummer van het tijdschrift7014
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 11 nov. 2004
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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