Quantification of total dinutuximab concentrations in neuroblastoma patients with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

Mohsin El Amrani, Celina L. Szanto, C. Erik Hack, Alwin D.R. Huitema, Stefan Nierkens, Erik M. van Maarseveen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

10 Citaten (Scopus)


Neuroblastoma is one of the most commonly found solid tumors in children. The monoclonal antibody dinutuximab (DNX) targets the sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipid GD2 expressed on almost all neuroblastoma tumor cells and induces cell lysis. However, the expression of GD2 is not limited to tumor cells only, but is also present on central nerve tissue and peripheral nerve cells explaining dinutuximab toxicity. The most common adverse reactions are pain and discomfort, which may lead to discontinuation of the treatment. Furthermore, there is little to no data available on exposure and effect relationships of dinutuximab. We, therefore, developed an easy method in order to quantify dinutuximab levels in human plasma. Ammonium sulfate (AS) was used to precipitate all immunoglobulins (IgGs) in human plasma. After centrifugation, supernatant containing albumin was decanted and the precipitated IgG fraction was re-dissolved in a buffer containing 0.5% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Samples were then reduced, alkylated, and digested with trypsin. Finally, a signature peptide in complementarity determining region 1 of DNX heavy chain was quantified on LC-MS/MS using a stable isotopically labeled peptide as internal standard. AS purification efficiently removed 97.5% of the albumin fraction in the supernatant layer. The validation performed on DNX showed that within-run and between-run coefficients of variation (CV) for lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) were 5.5 and 1.4%, respectively. The overall CVs for quality control (QC) low, QC med, and QC high levels were < 5%. Linearity in the range 1–32 mg/L was excellent (r2 > 0.999). Selectivity, stability, and matrix effect were in concordance with EMA guidelines. In conclusion, a method to quantify DNX in human plasma was successfully developed. In addition, the high and robust process efficiency enabled the utilization of a stable isotopically labeled (SIL) peptide instead of SIL DNX, which was commercially unavailable. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)5849-5858
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Nummer van het tijdschrift23
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 sep. 2018
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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