Quantitative Detection of Circulating Tumor Cells in Cutaneous and Ocular Melanoma and Quality Assessment by Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction

Ulrich Keilholz, Petra Goldin-Lang, Nikolaos E. Bechrakis, Nicole Max, Anne Letsch, Alexander Schmittel, Carmen Scheibenbogen, Karin Heufelder, Alexander Eggermont, Eckhard Thiel

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

84 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Purpose: Inconsistent reports on the detection of melanoma cells in peripheral blood by reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) have resulted in uncertainty on the prognostic value of circulating melanoma cells. Experimental Design: We developed real-time RT-PCR assays for quantitation of tyrosinase, MelanA/MART1, and gp100 and for porphobilinogen deaminase housekeeping gene. Melanoma tissue (n = 18), peripheral blood samples from healthy donors (n = 21), and patients with cutaneous (n = 122) and uveal (n = 64) melanoma from our institution were analyzed. For quality control, an additional 251 samples from ongoing multicenter studies were compared with in-house samples. Results: Tyrosinase was not detected in healthy donor blood samples. For the two other markers, cutoff values had to be defined to distinct patient samples from controls. Patients with stage IV uveal and cutaneous melanoma expressed all three markers more frequently and at higher levels in peripheral blood as compared with earlier stages. The variation of expression was 4 logs and correlated with tumor load and serum lactate dehydrogenase. In 2 of 3 uveal melanoma patients, detection of circulating tumor cells preceded the development of liver metastases. The diagnostic sensitivity was optimal in blood samples containing >0.1pg/μl porphobilinogen deaminase (95.7% of in-house samples and 57.4% of multicenter samples). Conclusions: Real-time RT-PCR is able to quantitatively define the quality of a sample and provides quantitative data for melanoma markers. Disparities in the results of previous studies may be attributable to undetected differences in sample quality. The prognostic relevance of this assay is currently under evaluation in several prospective randomized trials.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1605-1612
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftClinical Cancer Research
Volume10
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 mrt. 2004
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Vingerafdruk

Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'Quantitative Detection of Circulating Tumor Cells in Cutaneous and Ocular Melanoma and Quality Assessment by Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit