Rapid dynamic R1/R2*/temperature assessment: A method with potential for monitoring drug delivery

Cyril Lorenzato, Chris Oerlemans, Alexandru Cernicanu, Mario Ries, Baudouin Denis de Senneville, Chrit Moonen, Clemens Bos

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

3 Citaten (Scopus)


Local drug delivery by hyperthermia-induced drug release from thermosensitive liposomes (TSLs) may reduce the systemic toxicity of chemotherapy, whilst maintaining or increasing its efficacy. Relaxivity contrast agents can be co-encapsulated with the drug to allow the visualization of the presence of liposomes, by means of R2*, as well as the co-release of the contrast agent and the drug, by means of R1, on heating. Here, the mathematical method used to extract both R2* and R1 from a fast dynamic multi-echo spoiled gradient echo (ME-SPGR) is presented and analyzed. Finally, this method is used to monitor such release events. R2* was obtained from a fit to the ME-SPGR data. Absolute R1 was calculated from the signal magnitude changes corrected for the apparent proton density changes and a baseline Look-Locker R1 map. The method was used to monitor nearly homogeneous water bath heating and local focused ultrasound heating of muscle tissue, and to visualize the release of a gadolinium chelate from TSLs in vitro. R2*, R1 and temperature maps were measured with a 5-s temporal resolution. Both R2*and R1 measured were found to change with temperature. The dynamic R1 measurements after heating agreed with the Look-Locker R1 values if changes in equilibrium magnetization with temperature were considered. Release of gadolinium from TSLs was detected by an R1 increase near the phase transition temperature, as well as a shallow R2* increase. Simultaneous temperature, R2* and R1 mapping is feasible in real time and has the potential for use in image-guided drug delivery studies.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1267-1274
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftNMR in Biomedicine
Nummer van het tijdschrift11
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 nov. 2014
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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