We report a retrospective analysis of 11 children with Down syndrome (DS) treated by SCT in eight German-Austrian SCT centres. Indications for transplantation were acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (N = 8) and acute myeloid leukaemia (N = 3). A reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) containing 2 Gy TBI was given to two patients, another five received a myeloablative regimen with 12 Gy TBI. Treosulphan or busulphan was used in the remaining four children. Four of eleven (36%) patients are alive. All of them were treated with a myeloablative regimen. One of the four surviving children relapsed 9 months after SCT and is currently receiving palliative outpatient treatment. The main cause of death was relapse (5-11). Two children died of regimen-related toxicity (RRT), one from severe exfoliative dermatitis and multiorgan failure after a treosulphan-containing regimen, the other from GvHD-related infections after RIC. Acute GvHD of the skin was observed in 10 of 10 evaluable patients, and chronic GvHD in 4 of 8. Our data show that DS patients can tolerate commonly used, fully myeloablative preparative regimens. The major cause of death is relapse rather than RRT resulting in an event-free survival of 18% and over all survival of 36%.
|Tijdschrift||Bone Marrow Transplantation|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||10|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - nov. 2007|