Ritonavir-Boosted Exposure of Kinase Inhibitors: an Open Label, Cross-over Pharmacokinetic Proof-of-Concept Trial with Erlotinib

René J. Boosman, Cornedine J. de Gooijer, Stefanie L. Groenland, Jacobus A. Burgers, Paul Baas, Vincent van der Noort, Jos H. Beijnen, Alwin D.R. Huitema, Neeltje Steeghs

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)


Background: Although kinase inhibitors (KIs) are generally effective, their use has a large impact on the current health care budget. Dosing strategies to reduce treatment costs are warranted. Boosting pharmacokinetic exposure of KIs metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 with ritonavir might result in lower doses needed and subsequently reduces treatment costs. This study is a proof-of-concept study to evaluate if the dose of erlotinib can be reduced by co-administration with ritonavir. Methods: In this open-label, cross-over study, we compared the pharmacokinetics of monotherapy erlotinib 150 mg once daily (QD) (control arm) with erlotinib 75 mg QD plus ritonavir 200 mg QD (intervention arm). Complete pharmacokinetic profiles at steady-state were taken up to 24 h after erlotinib intake for both dosing strategies. Results: Nine patients were evaluable in this study. For the control arm, the systemic exposure over 24 h, maximum plasma concentration and minimal plasma concentration of erlotinib were 29.3 μg*h/mL (coefficient of variation (CV):58%), 1.84 μg/mL (CV:60%) and 1.00 μg/mL (CV:62%), respectively, compared with 28.9 μg*h/mL (CV:116%, p = 0.545), 1.68 μg/mL (CV:68%, p = 0.500) and 1.06 μg/mL (CV:165%, p = 0.150) for the intervention arm. Exposure to the metabolites of erlotinib (OSI-413 and OSI-420) was statistically significant lower following erlotinib plus ritonavir dosing. Similar results regarding safety in both dosing strategies were observed, no grade 3 or higher adverse event was reported. Conclusions: Pharmacokinetic exposure at a dose of 75 mg erlotinib when combined with the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor ritonavir is similar to 150 mg erlotinib. Ritonavir-boosting is a promising strategy to reduce erlotinib treatment costs and provides a rationale for other expensive therapies metabolized by CYP3A4.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)669-676
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftPharmaceutical Research
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
StatusGepubliceerd - apr. 2022


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