Selection criteria for assembling a pediatric cancer predisposition syndrome gene panel

Anna Byrjalsen, Illja J Diets, Jette Bakhuizen, Thomas van Overeem Hansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Ulrik Stoltze, Roland P Kuiper, Johannes H M Merks, Karin Wadt, Marjolijn Jongmans

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

Increasing use of genomic sequencing enables standardized screening of all childhood cancer predisposition syndromes (CPS) in children with cancer. Gene panels currently used often include adult-onset CPS genes and genes without substantial evidence linking them to cancer predisposition. We have developed criteria to select genes relevant for childhood-onset CPS and assembled a gene panel for use in children with cancer. We applied our criteria to 381 candidate genes, which were selected through two in-house panels (n = 338), a literature search (n = 39), and by assessing two Genomics England's PanelApp panels (n = 4). We developed evaluation criteria that determined a gene's eligibility for inclusion on a childhood-onset CPS gene panel. These criteria assessed (1) relevance in childhood cancer by a minimum of five childhood cancer patients reported carrying a pathogenic variant in the gene and (2) evidence supporting a causal relation between variants in this gene and cancer development. 138 genes fulfilled the criteria. In this study we have developed criteria to compile a childhood cancer predisposition gene panel which might ultimately be used in a clinical setting, regardless of the specific type of childhood cancer. This panel will be evaluated in a prospective study. The panel is available on (pediatric-cancer-predisposition-genepanel.nl) and will be regularly updated.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)279-287
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftFamilial Cancer
Volume20
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - okt. 2021

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