BACKGROUND: Children treated for sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) may suffer from sexual dysfunction later in life because of the extended pelvic surgery performed, however, structured evaluations have not been performed yet.
METHODS: The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and the Body Image Questionnaire (BIQ) were sent to patients (≥18years) treated for SCT in the Dutch pediatric surgical centers after 1970.
RESULTS: Forty-five of 76 patients returned the questionnaires; 28 women (median age 27.3years, range 18.3-41.0) and seven men (median age 22.0years, range 19.1-36.5) were eligible for analysis. The FSFI and IIEF results were compared to healthy controls. Female patients scored significantly lower on the desire (p=0.014), arousal (p=0.013) and lubrication domain (p=0.019). FSFI total-scores of female patients were significantly lower compared to controls [median 30.5 (IQR 28.6-31.4) vs. median 32.4 (IQR 30.6-33.45) p≤0.001] but were above the threshold value for sexual dysfunction. Males reported normal erectile function and penetration ability with normal ejaculation. Females had significant lower BIQ results compared to males; BIQ-cosmesis scores were moderately correlated to the FSFI-desire score (r=-0.37, p=0.028).
CONCLUSION: SCT resection in girls may result in diminished sexual function at adult age with worse self-perceived body image. The possibility of sexual complaints should be integrated in the surveillance strategies for these patients.