The Dutch Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (DCCSS)-LATER 2 kidney analysis examined long-term glomerular dysfunction in childhood cancer survivors

Dutch LATER Study group

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

This investigation aimed to evaluate glomerular dysfunction among childhood cancer survivors in comparison with matched controls from the general population. In the Dutch Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (DCCSS)-LATER 2 kidney analysis, a nationwide cross-sectional cohort study, 1024 survivors five or more years after diagnosis, aged 18 or more years at study, treated between 1963-2001 with nephrectomy, abdominal radiotherapy, total body irradiation, cisplatin, carboplatin, ifosfamide, high-dose cyclophosphamide or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation participated. In addition, 500 age- and sex-matched controls from Lifelines, a prospective population-based cohort study in the Netherlands, participated. At a median age of 32.0 years (interquartile range 26.6-37.4), the glomerular filtration rate was under 60 ml/min/1.73m2 in 3.7% of survivors and in none of the controls. Ten survivors had kidney failure. Chronic kidney disease according to age-thresholds (glomerular filtration rate respectively under 75 for age under 40, under 60 for ages 40-65, and under 40 for age over 65) was 6.6% in survivors vs. 0.2% in controls. Albuminuria (albumin-to-creatinine ratio over3 mg/mmol) was found in 16.2% of survivors and 1.2% of controls. Risk factors for chronic kidney disease, based on multivariable analyses, were nephrectomy (odds ratio 3.7 (95% Confidence interval 2.1-6.4)), abdominal radiotherapy (1.8 (1.1-2.9)), ifosfamide (2.9 (1.9-4.4)) and cisplatin over 500 mg/m2 (7.2 (3.4-15.2)). For albuminuria, risk factors were total body irradiation (2.3 (1.2-4.4)), abdominal radiotherapy over 30 Gy (2.6 (1.4- 5.0)) and ifosfamide (1.6 (1.0-2.4)). Hypertension and follow-up 30 or more years increased the risk for glomerular dysfunction. Thus, lifetime monitoring of glomerular function in survivors exposed to these identified high risk factors is warranted.

Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftKidney international
DOI's
StatusE-publicatie vóór gedrukte publicatie - 27 jun. 2022

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