The high prevalence of functional complement defects induced by chemotherapy

Mischa P. Keizer, Angela M. Kamp, Cathelijn Aarts, Judy Geisler, Huib N. Caron, Marianne D. van De Wetering, Diana Wouters, Taco W. Kuijpers

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)


Introduction: To date, oncology patients are more dependent on non-cellular host defense against pathogens due to intensive (chemo)therapy-related bone marrow suppression. Since data on complement functionality in oncology patients are limited, we aimed to investigate the innate complement function in relation to the type of malignancy and therapy in a longitudinal cohort of patients. Methods: A large single-center, prospective non-intervention study was conducted, in which blood samples were taken from patients before, during, and after treatment with chemotherapy and/or subsequent admittance for (febrile) neutropenia. Results/findings: Analysis of 48 patients showed a high percentage of defects in complement activity of the alternative pathway (19.1%), the classical pathway (4.3%), or both (42.6%). Post hoc analysis of six different treatment protocols with more than three patients each showed distinct effects of specific therapies. Whereas patients treated according to the Ewing, EpSSG-rhabdomyosarcoma, or SIOP CNS germ cell tumor protocol showed no defects, patients treated according to the ALL-11 (leukemia), the EURAMOS I (osteosarcoma), or the ACNS (medulloblastoma) protocols showed an almost universal reduction in complement function. Although we could not explain the reduced complement functionality under all conditions, a strong effect was observed following high-dose methotrexate or ifosfamide. Conclusion: Acquired complement defects were commonly observed in more than 50% of oncology patients, some of which associated with certain chemotherapeutic drugs. Additional studies are needed to determine the clinical and therapeutic context of complement defects and their possible effect on treatment outcome or the increased risk of infection.

Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftFrontiers in Immunology
Nummer van het tijdschriftOCT
StatusGepubliceerd - 17 okt. 2016
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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