The landscape of genomic alterations across childhood cancers

Susanne N. Gröbner, Barbara C. Worst, Joachim Weischenfeldt, Ivo Buchhalter, Kortine Kleinheinz, Vasilisa A. Rudneva, Pascal D. Johann, Gnana Prakash Balasubramanian, Maia Segura-Wang, Sebastian Brabetz, Sebastian Bender, Barbara Hutter, Dominik Sturm, Elke Pfaff, Daniel Hübschmann, Gideon Zipprich, Michael Heinold, Jürgen Eils, Christian Lawerenz, Serap ErkekSander Lambo, Sebastian Waszak, Claudia Blattmann, Arndt Borkhardt, Michaela Kuhlen, Angelika Eggert, Simone Fulda, Manfred Gessler, Jenny Wegert, Roland Kappler, Daniel Baumhoer, Stefan Burdach, Renate Kirschner-Schwabe, Udo Kontny, Andreas E. Kulozik, Dietmar Lohmann, Simone Hettmer, Cornelia Eckert, Stefan Bielack, Michaela Nathrath, Charlotte Niemeyer, Günther H. Richter, Johannes Schulte, Reiner Siebert, Frank Westermann, Jan J. Molenaar, Gilles Vassal, Hendrik Witt, Marc Zapatka, Birgit Burkhardt, Christian P. Kratz, Olaf Witt, Cornelis M.Van Tilburg, Christof M. Kramm, Gudrun Fleischhack, Uta Dirksen, Stefan Rutkowski, Michael Frühwald, Katja Von Hoff, Stephan Wolf, Thomas Klingebiel, Ewa Koscielniak, Pablo Landgraf, Jan Koster, Adam C. Resnick, Jinghui Zhang, Yanling Liu, Xin Zhou, Angela J. Waanders, Danny A. Zwijnenburg, Pichai Raman, Benedikt Brors, Ursula D. Weber, Paul A. Northcott, Kristian W. Pajtler, Marcel Kool, Rosario M. Piro, Jan O. Korbel, Matthias Schlesner, Roland Eils, David T.W. Jones, Peter Lichter, Lukas Chavez, Stefan M. Pfister

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

927 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Pan-cancer analyses that examine commonalities and differences among various cancer types have emerged as a powerful way to obtain novel insights into cancer biology. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of genetic alterations in a pan-cancer cohort including 961 tumours from children, adolescents, and young adults, comprising 24 distinct molecular types of cancer. Using a standardized workflow, we identified marked differences in terms of mutation frequency and significantly mutated genes in comparison to previously analysed adult cancers. Genetic alterations in 149 putative cancer driver genes separate the tumours into two classes: Small mutation and structural/copy-number variant (correlating with germline variants). Structural variants, hyperdiploidy, and chromothripsis are linked to TP53 mutation status and mutational signatures. Our data suggest that 7-8% of the children in this cohort carry an unambiguous predisposing germline variant and that nearly 50% of paediatric neoplasms harbour a potentially druggable event, which is highly relevant for the design of future clinical trials.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)321-327
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftNature
Volume555
Nummer van het tijdschrift7696
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 15 mrt. 2018

Vingerafdruk

Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'The landscape of genomic alterations across childhood cancers'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit