The performance of model-based versus rule-based phase I clinical trials in oncology: A quantitative comparison of the performance of model-based versus rule-based phase I trials with molecularly targeted anticancer drugs over the last 2 years

E. M.J. van Brummelen, A. D.R. Huitema, E. van Werkhoven, J. H. Beijnen, J. H.M. Schellens

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikel recenserenpeer review

29 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Phase I studies with anticancer drugs are used to evaluate safety and tolerability and to choose a recommended phase II dose (RP2D). Traditionally, phase I trial designs are rule-based, but for several years there is a trend towards model-based designs. Simulations have shown that model-based designs perform better, faster and are safer to establish the RP2D than rule-based designs. However, the superiority of model-based designs has never been confirmed based on true trial performance in practice. To aid evidence-based decisions for designing phase I trials, we compared publications of model-based and rule-based phase I trials in oncology. We reviewed 172 trials that have been published in the last 2 years and assessed the following operating characteristics: efficiency (trial duration, population size, dose-levels), patient safety (dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs)) and treatment optimality (percentage of patients treated below and at or above the recommended phase 2 dose). Our results showed a non-significant but clinically relevant difference in trial duration. Model-based trials needed 10 months less than rule-based trials (26 versus 36 months; p = 0.25). Additionally, fewer patients were treated at dose-levels below the RP2D (31 % versus 40 %; p = 0.73) while safety was preserved (13 % DLTs versus 14 % DLTs). In this review, we provide evidence to encourage the use of model-based designs for future phase I studies, based on a median of 10 months of time gain, acceptable toxicity rates and minimization of suboptimal treatment.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)235-242
Aantal pagina's8
TijdschriftJournal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
Volume43
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 jun. 2016
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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