The predictive performance and impact of pediatric early warning systems in hospitalized pediatric oncology patients-A systematic review

Marijn Soeteman, Caroline W Lekkerkerker, Teus H Kappen, Wim J Tissing, Edward E Nieuwenhuis, Roelie M Wösten-van Asperen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikel recenserenpeer review

Samenvatting

Pediatric early warning systems (PEWS) arewidely used to identify clinically deteriorating patients. Hospitalized pediatric oncology patients are particularly prone to clinical deterioration. We assessed the PEWS performance to predict early clinical deterioration and the effect of PEWS implementation on patient outcomes in pediatric oncology patients. PubMED, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases were systematically searched from inception up to March 2020. Quality assessment was performed using the Prediction model study Risk-Of-Bias Assessment Tool (PROBAST) and the Cochrane Risk-of-Bias Tool. Nine studies were included. Due to heterogeneity of study designs, outcome measures, and diversity of PEWS, it was not possible to conduct a meta-analysis. Although the studies reported high sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUROC) of PEWS detecting inpatient deterioration, overall risk of bias of the studies was high. This review highlights limited evidence on the predictive performance of PEWS for clinical deterioration and the effect of PEWS implementation.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)e29636
TijdschriftPediatric blood & cancer
Volume69
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - mei 2022

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