The role of MHC class I expression in rat NK cell-mediated lysis of syngeneic tumor cells and virus-infected cells

Katinka M. Giezeman-Smits, Peter J.K. Kuppen, N. Geeske Ensink, Alexander M.M. Eggermont, Frans Stals, Kurt Wonigeit, Gert Jan Fleuren

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

14 Citaten (Scopus)


In this study the role of MHC class I antigen expression in rat natural killer (NK) cell-mediated lysis was investigated. Various rat tumor cell lines and two Adenovirus (Ad)-transformed rat cell lines were tested for their expression levels of total MHC class I and two MHC class I alleles, RT1.A and RT1.C, by flow cytometry. Their susceptibility to NK cell-mediated lysis in relation to MHC class I expression was determined by 51Cr release assays. IFN-γ is know to increase the expression of MHC class I. Therefore target cell with and without prior IFN-γ treatment were examined for MHC class I expression and its effect on NK lysis. An significant inverse exponential relationship was found. To investigate the effect of virus infection on MHC class I expression and target cell lysis by NK cells, rat embryonal fibroblasts (REF) were infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV) and used as target cells for NK cell-mediated lysis. Results showed chat these virus-infected cells were less susceptible to NK lysis than non-infected cells. Moreover, the non-infected cells expressed less MHC class I than the infected cells, indicating that also in this case, there was an inverse correlation between MHC class I expression and susceptibility to lysis by NK cells. Subsequently, we showed that sorted subsets of predominantly CD8-positive and CD8-negative NK cells lysed a MHC class I-positive tumor cell line at the same level. This suggests that CD8 is not likely to participate as a receptor for MHC class I in NI( cell-mediated lysis in a syngeneic rat model.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)286-299
Aantal pagina's14
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusGepubliceerd - aug. 1996
Extern gepubliceerdJa


Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'The role of MHC class I expression in rat NK cell-mediated lysis of syngeneic tumor cells and virus-infected cells'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit