Regional perfusion therapy of melanoma is followed by an apparent decrease in lymph node metastases. When regional isolated perfusion is performed by cannulating the blood vessels at the iliac level, at least the middle and distal parts of the inguinal nodal zone are included. This is not the case with femoral perfusion. These two types of perfusion were therefore compared to determine whether iliac perfusion eradicates micrometastases present in the inguinal nodes. The regional node recurrence rate and time to regional node relapse of 97 patients treated with iliac perfusion were compared with those of 20 patients who received femoral perfusion. Prognostic factors such as sex, MD Anderson stage of disease, Breslow thickness and Clark level of the primary melanoma, and number of nodules of those with recurrent melanoma were equivalent in both groups. All patients were perfused with melphalan under normothermic conditions during the period 1978-1990. Five of 20 patients (25%) receiving femoral perfusion and 31 of 97 patients (32%) receiving iliac perfusion (P=0.7, χ2 test) developed inguinal node metastases after a median period of 25 (8-40) and 19 (2-71) months, respectively (Mann-Whitney U test, P=0.9). There was no statistically significant difference in the 5-year survival rate (55% versus 62%, respectively; log rank test P=0.5). Since no advantage could be seen in terms of reduction of inguinal node relapse for iliac perfusion, it is concluded that perfusion of the distal nodes is not the major cause of reduction of regional node metastases. Eradication of micrometastases in the leg and of malignant cells in transit to the nodes, is the essential factor.
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||5|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - dec. 1992|