In vitro and in vivo resistance to prednisolone are predictive for an adverse prognosis in pediatric precursor B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Causes of resistance are still poorly understood. In this study, we observed that prednisolone exposure of prednisolone-sensitive patients' leukemic cells decreased anti-apoptotic MCL1 protein levels by 2.9-fold, while MCL1 protein expression in prednisolone-resistant leukemic patients' cells was unaffected (P<0.01). Locked nucleic acid oligonucleotides directed against MCL1 reduced MCL1 protein levels by 82±16% (P<0.05) in leukemic cells, decreased proliferation by 9-fold and sensitized to prednisolone up to 80.8-fold, compared to a non-silencing-control locked nucleic acid (P<0.05). Remarkably, we discovered that MCL1-silencing up-regulated the glucose consumption of leukemic cells by 2.5-fold (P<0.05), suggesting a potential rescue mechanism mediated by glycolysis. Targeting glycolysis by 2-deoxyglucose synergistically inhibited leukemic survival by 23.2-fold in MCL1-silenced cells (P<0.05). Moreover, 2-deoxyglucose and MCL1 locked nucleic acid concomitantly sensitized leukemic cells to prednisolone compared to MCL1 locked nucleic acid or 2-deoxyglucose alone (P<0.05). In conclusion, these results indicate the need to target both MCL1 and glycolysis simultaneously to inhibit leukemic survival and sensitize acute leukemia patients towards prednisolone.