In the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification of tumours of the nervous system, four main histopathological subtypes of medulloblastomas (classic medulloblastoma, desmoplastic medulloblastoma, medulloblastoma with extensive nodularity and advanced neuronal differentiation and large cell/anaplastic medulloblastoma) as well as of ependymal tumours (low-grade ependymoma, anaplastic ependymoma, myxopapillary ependymoma and subependymoma) are recognised. Under the hypothesis that the microvascular architecture of tumours is a reflection of the histopathological subtype, we performed three-dimensional reconstructions of the microvasculature in these subtypes of medulloblastomas and ependymal tumours using computerised image analysis. In addition, we quantitatively assessed three microvascular parameters (number, area, perimeter) in these neoplasms. Three-dimensional reconstructions showed a dense pattern of irregular vessels in classic and large cell medulloblastoma. In desmoplastic medulloblastoma and medulloblastoma with extensive nodularity, the vessels were more unevenly distributed and organised around the nodular areas. Classic medulloblastoma and large cell medulloblastoma had on average the largest vessel area and perimeter. The highest number of vessels was seen in classic medulloblastoma and medulloblastoma with extensive nodularity. Three-dimensional analysis of ependymal tumours showed that low-grade ependymoma had larger but fewer vessels compared to anaplastic ependymoma, while myxopapillary ependymoma had a complex, heterogeneous pattern of vessels and subependymoma few but regular vessels. In ependymal tumours, the highest values for vessel number, vessel area and vessel perimeter were found in anaplastic ependymoma and the lowest values in subependymoma. We conclude that our three-dimensional reconstructions shed unprecedented light on the tumour vasculature in medulloblastomas and ependymal tumours and expect that such reconstructions are helpful tools for further studies on tumour angiogenesis.