TRAIL-receptor expression is an independent prognostic factor for survival in patients with a primary glioblastoma multiforme

Jos M A Kuijlen, Jan Jakob A Mooij, Inge Platteel, Eelco W Hoving, Winette T A van der Graaf, Mark M Span, Harry Hollema, Wilfred F A den Dunnen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

54 Citaten (Scopus)


PURPOSE: In order to improve the survival of patients with a glioblastoma multiforme tumor (GBM), new therapeutic strategies must be developed. The use of a death inducing ligand such as TRAIL (TNF Related Apoptosis Inducing Ligand) seems a promising innovative therapy. The aim of this study was to quantify the expression of the death regulating receptors TRAIL-R1, TRAIL-R2 and TRAIL on primary GBM specimens and to correlate this expression with survival.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Expression of TRAIL and TRAIL-receptors was assessed by immunohistochemistry, both quantitatively (% of positive tumor cells) and semi-quantitatively (staining intensity) within both the perinecrotic and intermediate tumor zones of primary GBM specimens. RT-PCR of GBM tissue was performed to show expression of TRAIL receptor mRNA.

RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry showed a slight diffuse intracytoplasmic and a stronger membranous staining for TRAIL and TRAIL receptors in tumor cells. Semi-quantitative expression of TRAIL showed a significantly higher expression of TRAIL in the perinecrotic zone than in the intermediate zone of the tumor (P=0.0001). TRAIL-R2 expression was significantly higher expressed than TRAIL-R1 (P=0.005). The antigenic load of TRAIL-R2 was positively correlated with survival (P=0.02). Multivariate analysis of TRAIL-R1 within the study group (n=62) showed that age, gender, staining intensity, antigenic load, % of TRAIL-R1 expression, were not statistically correlated with survival however radiotherapy was significantly correlated (multivariate analysis: age: P=0.15; gender: P=0.64; staining intensity: P=0.17; antigenic load: P=0.056; % of TRAIL-R1 expression: P=0.058; radiotherapy: P=0.0001). Subgroup analysis of patients who had received radiotherapy (n=47) showed a significant association of % of TRAIL-R1 expression and the antigenic load of TRAIL-R1 with survival (multivariate analysis: P=0.036, respectively, P=0.023). Multivariate analysis of TRAIL-R2 staining intensity and antigenic load, within the study group (P=0.004, respectively, P=0.03) and the subgroup (P=0.002, respectively, P=0.004), showed a significant association with survival. RT-PCR analysis detected a negative relation between the amount of TRAIL-R1 mRNA and the WHO grade of astrocytic tumors (P=0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 expression on tumor cells are independent prognostic factors for survival in patients with a glioblastoma multiforme. Both receptors could be targets for TRAIL therapy. As TRAIL-R2 is more expressed, in comparison with TRAIL-R1, on GBM tumor cells, TRAIL-R2 seems to be of more importance as a target for future TRAIL therapy than TRAIL-R1.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)161-71
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
StatusGepubliceerd - jun. 2006
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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