Transcriptional response to hypoxic stress in melanoma and prognostic potential of GBE1 and BNIP3

Stéphanie Buart, Stéphane Terry, Muhammad Z. Noman, Emilie Lanoy, Céline Boutros, Paul Fogel, Philippe Dessen, Guillaume Meurice, Yann Gaston-Mathé, Philippe Vielh, Séverine Roy, Emilie Routier, Virginie Marty, Sophie Ferlicot, Luc Legrès, Morad El Bouchtaoui, Nyam Kamsu-Kom, Jane Muret, Eric Deutsch, Alexander EggermontJean Charles Soria, Caroline Robert, Salem Chouaib

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

24 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Gradients of hypoxia occur in most solid tumors and cells found in hypoxic regions are associated with the most aggressive and therapy-resistant fractions of the tumor. Despite the ubiquity and importance of hypoxia responses, little is known about the variation in the global transcriptional response to hypoxia in melanoma. Using microarray technology, whole genome gene expression profiling was first performed on established melanoma cell lines. From gene set enrichment analyses, we derived a robust 35 probes signature (hypomel for HYPOxia MELanoma) associated with hypoxia-response pathways, including 26 genes up regulated, and 9 genes down regulated. The microarray data were validated by RT-qPCR for the 35 transcripts. We then validated the signature in hypoxic zones from 8 patient specimens using laser microdissection or macrodissection of Formalin fixed-paraffin-embedded (FFPE) material, followed with RT-qPCR. Moreover, a similar hypoxia-associated gene expression profile was observed using NanoString technology to analyze RNAs from FFPE melanoma tissues of a cohort of 19 patients treated with anti-PD1. Analysis of NanoString data from validation sets using Non-Negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) analysis (26 genes up regulated in hypoxia) and dual clustering (samples and genes) further revealed that the increased level of BNIP3 (Bcl-2 adenovirus E1B 19 kDainteracting protein 3)/GBE1 (glycogen branching enzyme1) differential pair correlates with the lack of response of melanoma patients to anti-PD1 (pembrolizumab) immunotherapy. These studies suggest that through elevated glycogenic flux and induction of autophagy, hypoxia is a critical molecular program that could be considered as a prognostic factor for melanoma.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)108786-108801
Aantal pagina's16
TijdschriftOncotarget
Volume8
Nummer van het tijdschrift65
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2017
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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