Unlimited in vitro expansion of adult bi-potent pancreas progenitors through the Lgr5/R-spondin axis

Meritxell Huch, Paola Bonfanti, Sylvia F. Boj, Toshiro Sato, Cindy J.M. Loomans, Marc Van De Wetering, Mozhdeh Sojoodi, Vivian S.W. Li, Jurian Schuijers, Ana Gracanin, Femke Ringnalda, Harry Begthel, Karien Hamer, Joyce Mulder, Johan H. Van Es, Eelco De Koning, Robert G.J. Vries, Harry Heimberg, Hans Clevers

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

516 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Lgr5 marks adult stem cells in multiple adult organs and is a receptor for the Wnt-agonistic R-spondins (RSPOs). Intestinal, stomach and liver Lgr5 + stem cells grow in 3D cultures to form ever-expanding organoids, which resemble the tissues of origin. Wnt signalling is inactive and Lgr5 is not expressed under physiological conditions in the adult pancreas. However, we now report that the Wnt pathway is robustly activated upon injury by partial duct ligation (PDL), concomitant with the appearance of Lgr5 expression in regenerating pancreatic ducts. In vitro, duct fragments from mouse pancreas initiate Lgr5 expression in RSPO1-based cultures, and develop into budding cyst-like structures (organoids) that expand five-fold weekly for >40 weeks. Single isolated duct cells can also be cultured into pancreatic organoids, containing Lgr5 stem/progenitor cells that can be clonally expanded. Clonal pancreas organoids can be induced to differentiate into duct as well as endocrine cells upon transplantation, thus proving their bi-potentiality.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)2708-2721
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftEMBO Journal
Volume32
Nummer van het tijdschrift20
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 16 okt. 2013
Extern gepubliceerdJa

Vingerafdruk

Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'Unlimited in vitro expansion of adult bi-potent pancreas progenitors through the Lgr5/R-spondin axis'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit