Wait-and-see policy in clinical stage I non-seminomatous germ cell tumors of the testis

H. Schraffordt Koops, D. T. Sleijfer, J. W. Oosterhuis, J. Marrink, H. W. de Bruijn, J. Oldhoff

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)


Thirty-three patients with a non-seminomatous germ cell tumor of the testis in clinical stage I were treated only by orchidectomy. The very careful follow-up - with tumor marker assays every 3 weeks, chest X-rays every 6 weeks and CT-scans of the lungs and retroperitoneum every 3 months - revealed metastases in 7 of the patients (21%). All these relapses were diagnosed within 6 months of the orchidectomy. Para-aortic node metastases were found in 5 of the 7 patients, with additional inguinal node metastases in 1 and additional lung metastases in 1; 2 patients had only lung metastases. Six of the 7 patients with a relapse were given chemotherapy (PVB); 1 patient refused chemotherapy. In view of residual disease a surgical excision was performed; it revealed necrosis as well as mature teratoma. All 33 patients are still alive, the post-orchidectomy follow-up period being 12-38 months.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)283-287
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
StatusGepubliceerd - 1986
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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