White matter but not grey matter predicts change in reading skills after intervention

Marita Partanen, Danny H C Kim, Alexander Rauscher, Linda S Siegel, Deborah E Giaschi

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

This study examined changes in white matter microstructure and grey matter volume, cortical thickness, and cortical surface area before and after reading intervention. Participants included 22 average readers and 13 dyslexic readers (8-9 years old in third grade); the dyslexic readers were enrolled in reading intervention programs at their elementary school. Participants completed scans of diffusion tensor imaging and T1-weighted MRI before and after 3 months of instruction. An a priori region of interest (ROI) analysis was used. Dyslexic readers, compared to average readers, showed higher mean diffusivity in white matter ROIs including bilateral inferior frontal, bilateral insula, left superior temporal, and right supramarginal gyri across time points. Dyslexic readers also had thicker cortex in left fusiform and bilateral supramarginal gyri; whereas, average readers had greater surface area in right fusiform across time. There were no significant changes in white or grey matter following intervention; however, mean diffusivity in the right hemisphere was associated with reading gains over time. White matter organization in the right hemisphere predicts reading changes, and dyslexic readers may have persistent differences in white and grey matter due to ongoing reading deficits.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)224-244
Aantal pagina's21
TijdschriftDyslexia (Chichester, England)
Volume27
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - mei 2021
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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