Wnt Activates the Tak1/Nemo-like Kinase Pathway

Linda Smit, Annette Baas, Jeroen Kuipers, Hendrik Korswagen, Marc Van De Wetering, Hans Clevers

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

97 Citaten (Scopus)


Genetic studies on endoderm-mesoderm specification in Caenorhabditis elegans have demonstrated a role for several Wnt cascade components as well as for a MAPK-like pathway in this process. The latter pathway includes the MAPK kinase kinase-like MOM-4/Tak1, its adaptor TAP-1/Tab1, and the MAPK-like LIT-1/Nemo-like kinase. A model has been proposed in which the Tak1 kinase cascade counteracts the Wnt cascade at the level of β-catenin/TCF phosphorylation. In this model, the signal that activates the Tak1 kinase cascade is unknown. As an alternative explanation of these genetic data, we have explored whether Tak1 is directly activated by Wnt. We find that Wnt1 stimulation results in autophosphorylation and activation of MOM-4/Tak1 in a TAP-1/Tab1-dependent fashion. Wnt1-induced Tak1 stimulation activates Nemo-like kinase, resulting in the phosphorylation of TCF. Our results combined with the genetic data from C. elegans imply a mechanism whereby Wnt directly activates the MOM-4/Tak1 kinase signaling pathway. Thus, Wnt signal transduction through the canonical pathway activates β-catenin/TCF, whereas Wnt signal transduction through the Tak1 pathway phosphorylates and inhibits TCF, which might function as a feedback mechanism.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)17232-17240
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
Nummer van het tijdschrift17
StatusGepubliceerd - 23 apr. 2004
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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