Wnt Signaling through Inhibition of β-Catenin Degradation in an Intact Axin1 Complex

Vivian S.W. Li, Ser Sue Ng, Paul J. Boersema, Teck Y. Low, Wouter R. Karthaus, Jan P. Gerlach, Shabaz Mohammed, Albert J.R. Heck, Madelon M. Maurice, Tokameh Mahmoudi, Hans Clevers

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

682 Citaten (Scopus)


Degradation of cytosolic β-catenin by the APC/Axin1 destruction complex represents the key regulated step of the Wnt pathway. It is incompletely understood how the Axin1 complex exerts its Wnt-regulated function. Here, we examine the mechanism of Wnt signaling under endogenous levels of the Axin1 complex. Our results demonstrate that β-catenin is not only phosphorylated inside the Axin1 complex, but also ubiquinated and degraded via the proteasome, all within an intact Axin1 complex. In disagreement with current views, we find neither a disassembly of the complex nor an inhibition of phosphorylation of Axin1-bound β-catenin upon Wnt signaling. Similar observations are made in primary intestinal epithelium and in colorectal cancer cell lines carrying activating Wnt pathway mutations. Wnt signaling suppresses β-catenin ubiquitination normally occurring within the complex, leading to complex saturation by accumulated phospho-β-catenin. Subsequently, newly synthesized β-catenin can accumulate in a free cytosolic form and engage nuclear TCF transcription factors.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1245-1256
Aantal pagina's12
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusGepubliceerd - 8 jun. 2012
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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