Xeroderma pigmentosum group A protein loads as a separate factor onto DNA lesions

Suzanne Rademakers, Marcel Volker, Deborah Hoogstraten, Alex L. Nigg, Martijn J. Moné, Albert A. Van Zeeland, Jan H.J. Hoeijmakers, Adriaan B. Houtsmuller, Wim Vermeulen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

129 Citaten (Scopus)


Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the main DNA repair pathway in mammals for removal of UV-induced lesions. NER involves the concerted action of more than 25 polypeptides in a coordinated fashion. The xeroderma pigmentosum group A protein (XPA) has been suggested to function as a central organizer and damage verifier in NER. How XPA reaches DNA lesions and how the protein is distributed in time and space in living cells are unknown. Here we studied XPA in vivo by using a cell line stably expressing physiological levels of functional XPA fused to green fluorescent protein and by applying quantitative fluorescence microscopy. The majority of XPA moves rapidly through the nucleoplasm with a diffusion rate different from those of other NER factors tested, arguing against a preassembled XPA-containing NER complex. DNA damage induced a transient (∼5-min) immobilization of maximally 30% of XPA. Immobilization depends on XPC, indicating that XPA is not the initial lesion recognition protein in vivo. Moreover, loading of replication protein A on NER lesions was not dependent on XPA. Thus, XPA participates in NER by incorporation of free diffusing molecules in XPC-dependent NER-DNA complexes. This study supports a model for a rapid consecutive assembly of free NER factors, and a relatively slow simultaneous disassembly, after repair.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)5755-5767
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftMolecular and Cellular Biology
Nummer van het tijdschrift16
StatusGepubliceerd - aug. 2003
Extern gepubliceerdJa


Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'Xeroderma pigmentosum group A protein loads as a separate factor onto DNA lesions'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit